Hiragana ち

Japanese Hiragana CHI

Transliteration chi
Section T
Hiragana Man'yōgana
Stroke Number 2

, in hiragana, or in katakana, is one of the Japanese kana, which each represent one mora. Both are phonemically /ti/ although for phonological reasons, the actual pronunciation is chi.

The kanji for one thousand (千, sen), appears similar to チ, and at one time they were related, but today チ is used as phonetic, while the kanji carries an entirely unrelated meaning .

Many onomatopoeic words beginning with ち pertain to things that are small or quick.[1]

The dakuten forms ぢ, ヂ, pronounced the same as the dakuten forms of the shi kana in most dialects (see yotsugana), are uncommon. They are primarily used for indicating a voiced consonant in the middle of a compound word (see rendaku), and they can never begin a word. Additionally, it is interesting to note that the dakuten form of the shi character is used when transliterating "di" occasionally, as opposed to チ's dakuten form; for example, Aladdin is written as アラジン Arajin, and radio is written as ラジオ.

In the Ainu language, チ by itself is pronounced [tʃi], and can be combined with the katakana ヤ, ユ, エ, and ヨ to write the other [tʃ] sounds as well as [ts] sounds. The combination チェ (pronounced [tse]), is interchangeable with セ゚.

Form variantsEdit

Form Rōmaji Hiragana
Normal ch-
(た行 ta-gyō)
Addition dakuten dj-
(だ行 da-gyō)
Other additional forms
Form A (Ch-)
Romaji Hiragana
Cha ちゃ
Chu ちゅ
Che ちぇ
Cho ちょ
Form B (Dj)
Romaji Hiragana
Dja ぢゃ
Dju ぢゅ
Dje ぢぇ
Djo ぢょ

Pronunciation Edit

Words with 'ち' Edit

'ち' at the beginning Edit

'ち' in the middle Edit

'ち' at the end Edit

Stroke order Edit

Hiragana ち stroke order animation

Stroke order in writing ち

The Hiragana ち is made with three strokes:

Trivia Edit

See also Edit


References Edit

  1. Hiroko Fukuda, Jazz Up Your Japanese with Onomatopoeia: For All Levels, trans. Tom Gally. New York: Kodansha International (2003): 19 - 20, Introduction, Words Beginning with ち Chi, Indicating Smallness or Quickness.